About the Philippines – the country, islands, and the philippine people


The Philippines is a state in the Pacific Ocean. The republic of the Philippines has just one of the largest populations in the environment. The state is an archipelago of a huge team of islands surrounded by crystal very clear drinking water and wonderful and exceptional coral reefs. Of the seven,107 islands in the Philippines the largest is Luzon, at one hundred and five sq. kilometres and just more than fifty % of the islands in the state have names, and only 350 islands are more substantial than 2 and a fifty percent kilometres sq.. The tallest mountain variety can be observed on the island of Luzon the Cordillera Central the prime of the mountain reaches more than 2743 sq. meters. The tallest mountain peak can be observed on the next largest island in the state Mindanao. Mount Apo rises 2956 meters tall. Like numerous other mountains in the state Mount Apo is an lively volcano. Luzon is also the web site of the capital of Manila the largest and most significant Philippine city. Manila has a port that stretches close to Manila bay for hundreds of yrs Manila bay has been the country’s heart of transport and trade. The Visayas make up the middle element of the Philippine islands. The largest islands in the Visayas consist of Leyte, Samar, Cebu, Negros, and Panay Mindanao is an Philippine island in the south of the state and the next largest island in the Philippines the island measures ninety four,seven-hundred sq. kilometres.


The islands

The Philippine islands had been fashioned by volcanoes and are element of a mountain chain that is largely beneath drinking water. The inside of most of the islands have numerous rugged mountains with dense rain forest and due to the fact of the recurrent rain fall there are numerous rivers streams and waterfalls that continuously surge down the mountain sides. Because of the dense mountain rainforest and recurrent rain fall the Philippines is endowed with spectacular sceneries inside of the islands tropical rainforest majestic waterfalls wonderful caves and rock formations. However a large amount of the rain forest is disappearing just before the Spanish arrived in the 1500 more than ninety % of the Philippine islands had been coated in rain forest. To date the state has misplaced shut to just one-3rd of its tropical rainforest. The rain forest has been made use of and cut down for its timber and to very clear land for farms and properties.

The shoreline

With more than 7000 islands the state has a coast line much more than 36,three hundred kilometres in duration. The beach locations and shoreline may differ across the state are very sandy in places these kinds of as Boracay which is famed for its wonderful picturesque tropical white sand beach locations. With tropical crops and palm trees rising on these wonderful beach locations. On some island coast traces are very rocky in location and in some places you will obtain grey white sand beach locations and huge inland rivers that border with mangrove trees and swamps.

The rivers and lakes

Filipinos depend on fresh new drinking water from rivers and lakes to irrigate their crops and private working day-to-working day dwelling prerequisites these kinds of as ingesting and washing. Pasig River is just one of the largest rivers in the state and flows by means of the capital of Manila. In the north also on the island of Luzon the longest Philippine river that flows by means of the Central Cordilleras, the Cagayan River.


Because the state is sitting on the pacific ring of hearth indicates the Philippines have a large amount of lively Volcanoes. One particular of the most famed volcanic eruptions happen in June 1991 in the north of Luzon for numerous hundreds of yrs Mount Pinatubo lay dormant. When Mount Pinatubo erupted much more than a thousand persons killed or hurt and left thousands of persons homeless. The explosion designed a substantial ash cloud that coated much more than 125 thousand sq. kilometres blanketing the area in ash rock and darkness. One particular of the most lively volcanoes in the Philippines is Mayo, also regarded as Mount Mayo this volcano has erupted 48 moments in the past 400 yrs. Mount Mayo situated on the island of Luzon in the province of Albay. Mayon Volcano proclaimed a national park in the year 2003. The Mayo volcano is a correctly formed cone that towers 2462 meters above the land. Mayon Very last main eruption was in February 1814, when it wrecked three towns and coated another two with volcanic ash and very hot larva about 1600 persons died because of to this eruption.

The Philippine Folks

For thousands of yrs numerous different sorts persons and nations have been element of the Philippines the result is a state and persons with a exceptional blend of numerous cultures. About 30,000 BC Stone Age persons settled in the Tabon caves on the island of Palawan the state was later joined by the Negritos that came across land bridges from Borneo Indonesia, and Sumatra and centuries latter joined by website visitors from Malaya India china and the middle east. Magellan was the very first European to set foot on the Philippines in 1521 Ferdinand Magellan explored the archipelago Magellan and most of his adult males had been killed through the fight of Mactan on the Island of Cebu. Spain founded a long term settlement on the island of Cebu in 1565

Spouse and children faith and training are very significant in Filipino lifestyle.

Weather dwelling in the city or the state or on an isolated island family, faith and training are very really valued by pretty much each individual just one Filipinos have numerous optimistic values these kinds of as respect for authority and a superior regard for the dignity of all the persons.


Most Filipinos hold strong spiritual beliefs they regularly just take element in spiritual ceremonies celebrate holy days with huge festivals. The Spanish where very effective in converting the Filipino to Christianity creating the Philippine the only Christian country in Asia Roman Catholic make up 85% of the population, five % of the population are Sunni Muslim’s the largest no Christian team in the state. Most early Filipinos had been animistic and worshiped ancestral sprits regarded as anitos they thought theses sprits lived in the mountains in the Trees Rivers and fields. Many Filipinos feel in ghost and witches (Multo) ghost and (mangkukulam) ghost. Roman Catholic perception plays an significant element in the each day daily life of most Filipinos.The Philippine persons worship Christ mom Mary and other holy persons termed saints numerous Filipinos decorate their properties trics jeepneys boats schools of pictures of Christ and mom Mary.

Close by islands and china introduced Islam to the Philippines currently there are a number of million Filipinos that follow the faith of Islam. Some Filipinos exercise Taoism which is a spiritual perception that originated in china the most significant Taoist temple in the Philippines is in Cebu.

The Filipino family

The Filipino family the fundamental units of the Philippine social group which involves the father the mom and little ones the bilateral extended family which incorporates all family of the Father and Mom. Of specific great importance the bond and unity fashioned by the brothers and sisters. Filipino thinks of their family as a supply of strength and security. It is not uncommon for single daughters and sons to stay at residence with their mom and dad, grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins. The family are very shut and if anyone demands assist many others chip in and do what they can to assist the family member in need. The father-husband is the head of the family and is usually unconditionally obeyed by his wife and little ones. The father purpose and responsibility is to meet the money demands of the family. The Filipino father is the major supply of self-control in the family and from time to time employs corporal punishment on equally sons and daughters despite the fact that corporal punishment made use of on little ones in the Philippines is now little by little having made use of a lot less and a lot less because of to the Philippine culture educating and implementing new values on boosting little ones. The little ones a large amount of Filipino mothers pamper their little ones these has the outcome of prolonging the childhood of the little ones they are not pushed or rushed into adulthood tasks and anticipations are held below the child’s probable this care and affection lavished on the little ones makes a experience of belonging and security. As a result the little ones will usually contribute to parent’s money assist and emotional assist and security. The classic Filipino wife and mom just take care of all the information to make sure the family features as a dwelling and loving organised family unit. The mom is in cost of the residence and all the information pertaining to the little ones these kinds of as cooking the family meal looking at the little ones are clothed and prepared for university the shelling out of income to the maids (ya -ya) and all other residence bills. Strange as it may well appear to be women of all ages share equal location with man in Philippine culture lady participation in professional function and politics is totally accepted this equality can be traced again to historical Malayan tradition.


Education Filipino little ones show up at six yrs of elementary university and four yrs of superior university. Classes are taught in the Philipino, language tagalog and English the countrys major formal languages. Much more than ninety% of all elementary show up at govt schools. From June right up until March Filipino little ones devote their days at university courses commence close to 8 in the morning in the cities like Manila and from time to time close to seven am in the rural places just before courses commence the little ones salute the flag and recite the pledge of allegiance. The Philippines has a very superior literacy charge which most persons in the state can browse and produce unfortunately because of to the superior unemployment charge and the minimal income paid out to lower course staff these kinds of as farmers and labours some little ones have to drop out of university to function and assist to assist their households and some little ones show up at schools that do not have plenty of university materials and devices these kinds of as textbooks desks and chairs and computer systems.


The Philippine for its languages Filipino English and Spanish there are 87 different main dialects ranging from Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Waray-waray, Kapampagan, and Panasinah. The English languages and the mass training of the English language has been an American contribution to the Filipino daily life. English was introduced so different persons dwelling in different elements of the Philippines could realize just one another. The American declared English the state formal language through the time they dominated the Philippines. In 1937 the Philippine govt made a decision to exchange English with a language termed Filipino also regarded as Tagalog the most extensively spoken Philippine language especially through some of the main cities. Today Filipino and English are the state formal languages. In different elements of the Philippines some time s you will Filipinos that can talk any where up to four languages and some moments much more especially the persons who have traveled and lived in different elements of the state. For example theses Filipinos can talk the language from the area they grew up in and lived in as a kid they also can talk English and Tagalog and from time to time another language that is native to where they stay as an adult or learnt as a kid. For example English, Tagalog, Cebuano, Waray-Waray could be four languages a one Filipino can talk.

The persons classic dwelling

Half of the Philippine population stay in the state in the vicinity of mountains forest on little islands or on the plains there are numerous sorts of classic properties Bahay kubo is a classic rural residence some time referred to as a nipa hut.The walls and flooring are built from bamboo and palms leaves the woven palm leaves are overlapped and drained down to timber or bamboo to type the roof. Other persons in the state side stay in wooden residence and other cheap timber with iron and galvanised roofs.The much more wealthy state Filipino stay in a larger fancy present day residence and homes are built from cement bricks and cement.On a large amount of Small Island and state places the residence has just one major space with a few parts of home furnishings and mats on the flooring where the family sleeps.The kitchen area is usually in another space with a wood burning stove and from time to time a little fuel stove based on how isolated the family is from the closest city. In the larger state towns numerous of the native homes have electrical energy and some of them even have indoor plumbing but theses conveniences are rare in little villages despite the fact that now much more and much more Small Islands and villages are receiving electrical energy but there is still a large amount of villages that do not. The Philippine persons that stay in an area that does not have electrical energy or indoor plumbing collect drinking water from a community properly and melt away kerosene lamps for lights in the night

The people’s transportation

The very first persons who migrated to the Philippine islands made use of barangays (boats). Now day’s inter island ships and ferries have been the finest indicates of transportation of fantastic and goods from island to another persons also depend on these ships as ferries due to the fact the expense of a airplane ticket are very high-priced for the small cash flow households. Banca a narrow wooden boat with an out boat motor connected to the again. The boat has wooden and bamboo frames extending from equally sides of the boats that perform like platoons blocking the boat from tipping more than or capsizing. Early Filipinos made use of these little boats to trade and get materials from neighboring islands.The larger banca boats are predominantly made use of as persons ferries and huge business fishing boats.The scaled-down banca boats are made use of for scaled-down journeys in calmer drinking water. A classic type of transport is the pedicabs a tricycle with a side cart this type of transportation are still well-known in some state towns and provinces especially on the island of Leyte and Samar.

The Philippine jeepney

A Philippine icon king of the road evidence of Philippine innovation the jeepney is a little bus built from jeeps left at the rear of by the US military. The jeeps where transformed in to busses painted in vibrant glowing flamboyant colours and patterns and decorated with mirrors multi-colored lights and spiritual icons. The jeepney scaled-down brother the stainless metal jeep was built and created for realistic factors fisherman complained that seawater and the surroundings was corroding their jeepneys. So in 1971 Tomas Araga invented and created the very first jeep the jeep necessitates a lot less maintenance due to the fact it is tricky and does not rust. The jeep is an ideal Philippine car or truck due to the fact they are adapted to the exceptional Philippine local weather especially from the severe salt air and the unpredictable weather conditions.